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Casino Case Study

The American Lung Association states that secondhand smoke is a serious health hazard which causes more than 41,000 deaths per year.  It can cause, or worsen, a wide range of health effects.  Secondhand smoke contains hundreds of chemicals known to be toxic or carcinogenic including those such as: formaldehyde, benzene, vinyl chloride, acetaldehyde, and naphthalene. 

Casinos are entertainment venues which still allow patrons to openly smoke while on premises. The indoor air of a casino can have up to fifty times (50X) more cancer causing particles than outside air.  For non-smoking patrons, their length of stay limits the duration to which they are exposed to secondhand smoke.  However, casino workers are continuously exposed to hazardous levels of toxic secondhand smoke. Through the casino’s heating, ventilation and air condition systems (HVAC), the smoke filled air can be distributed throughout the entire building space, affecting both patrons and workers who may not be immediately near a smoker. Regardless of exposure time, or proximity, it is a FACT that secondhand smoke poses health risks.

The use of Phenomenal Aire™ Cold Plasma Generator (CPG) technology will help to significantly reduce the distribution of unhealthy air by breaking down many of the chemicals associated with secondhand smoke. Any gaseous chemical with an ionization potential less than twelve (< 12) are  broken down within the plasma field created by Phenomenal Aire™ technology. 

In June of 2016, an indoor air test was conducted in a casino located in California.  The test was conducted over a two day time period. The intent of the test was to analyze the air quality associated with a specific HVAC system using its existing air filtration technology, and analysis of the same HVAC system with the addition of Phenomenal Aire™ technology. 

Review and comparison of final test data demonstrates that Phenomenal Aire™ CPG technology helped mitigate the presence of smoke in the casino and improved indoor air quality.


Explanation of success

At the time of testing, the existing filtration system in the HVAC system demonstrated a successful reduction of particles sized 1 – 10 microns.  However, the existing filtration technology was not addressing sub-micron sized particles.  Submicron sized particles range from the >1 micron of smoke to that of 0.01 microns of a virus.

Testing on the same HVAC equipment, with the additional use of Phenomenal Aire™, indicated the successful filtration of submicron sized particles ranging in size from 0.3 to 0.5 microns.  Physical limitations of the indoor air monitoring technology did not allow for the measurement of particles as small as 0.01 microns.

The introduction of ionization, or charged molecules, results in like particles bonding to other like particles.  As particles bond to other particles they become a particle of greater size and mass.  The bonding of particles to other particles is referred to as agglomeration. A particle .03 microns in size may increases to .05 microns.  A particle .05 microns may increase in size to 1 micron, etc.  As the particulates increase in size the effectiveness of the air filtration technology also increases.  Which, accounts for the results demonstrated in the casino HVAC filtration technology.

While the meter technology used during the two day casino test was limited to measurements greater than 0.01 microns, the physical principals of agglomeration are not limited to the initial size of particles.  Therefore, it can be assumed that particles with initial measurements as small as .01 microns also grew in size and ultimately became subject to capture over time.

Supporting Data

Case Study for Download

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